Plants provide an incredible way to improve quality of the environment. In addition to livening up the landscape with a natural show of beauty, mature and healthy plants add value to a property. The most common plants that are found in most homes and commercial spaces are trees, shrubs and hedges. To keep these plants healthy and looking good throughout the year, you need to perform several maintenance practices.

Here are some of the key care and maintenance tips that will enable you to keep your trees, shrubs and hedges in order throughout the year.

Water Your Trees, Shrubs and Hedges

Water is one of the most essential things that your plants require in order to stay healthy throughout the year. Regular watering is recommended from April to late September. Although bigger trees, shrubs and hedges may not require frequent watering, young and small plants need water to establish their roots in the soil and flourish. As such, they should be watered consistently to prevent drying up of the soil around them. Generally, heavier soils require more water than lighter soils like sand. If unsure about the type of soil and the right watering frequency, engage a professional to have soil tests done. However, keep in mind the fact that too much water can be harmful to trees, shrubs and hedges. The best watering methods for the trees, shrubs and hedges include use of hoses and watering cans, dripper pipe systems and sprinklers. It’s also important that you add mulch around the bases of the trees. Mulching should be done using tree barks, peat, composted wood chip or gravels. This helps in reducing water loss through evaporation and suppressing growth of weeds thereby enabling your plants to thrive.

Apply Fertilizer

Fertilizers promote growth of trees, shrubs and hedges. They are important where plants are not performing well. However, applying fertilizers on new shrubs can weaken them and impact poor growth. To avoid such mistakes, consult a professional for advice on the right fertilizers for your plants and how to apply them.

Pruning Trees, Shrubs and Hedges

Pruning is a critical procedure for promoting plants health, removing damaged parts, encouraging new blossoms and maintaining their shapes. Before you start pruning, conduct a careful inspection of the plants to identify the damaged parts to be removed, branches to leave and the best way to shape the plants. For trees, shrubs and hedges that flower in spring, the best time to prune them is immediately after their flowers fade. If your trees, shrubs and hedges flower in summer, prune them in early spring or winter, before they establish new growths. For evergreens that hardly drop their leaves like camellia, conifers, pine and boxwood, winter months are the best time for pruning.

Begin pruning by removing low growing branches that block view or impede the passing vehicles. Branches that are split, broken or dried should also be removed. To promote the health of plants, branches that are affected by pests, diseased or dead should also be removed. If there are branches growing towards the wrong directions, cut them out too. When pruning, be careful to cut out thin branches, suckers and water sprouts. These are undesirable growths that can affect the health of plants negatively if left to thrive. Instead of uprooting overgrown and neglected trees, shrubs and hedges, remove their lower limbs. This helps turn them into small multi-trunked plants that are easier to take care of. Pruning can also be done to create particular shapes for trees, shrubs and hedges. With a better understanding of the different types of growth buds, trees, shrubs and hedges can be trimmed to form unique shapes that complement your landscape and other aspects of the property. But to do this, you need the right pruning tools. These include hand shears, pruning saws, lopping shears, pole pruners and hedge shears.

Although these procedures may look simple, they require expertise and time to perform. Unfortunately, you may not have time and the necessary expertise. That’s why keeping your trees, shrubs and hedges in order throughout the year may entail hiring services of experienced specialists with the right tools to do the job.


Thanks to MedHat Tree Care for their input into this article. You can visit their website to see why they are the #1 rated tree service Medicine Hat homeowners choose for their properties.